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Dewas district is spread over 7020 Sq. km. of Madhya Pradesh. According to 2001 Census, the total population of the district is 13,06,617 .
It is geographically located between 20º 17' and 23º 20' North latitude and 75º 54' and 77º 08' East longitude.
Dewas District in Ujjain Revenue Division, is situated on the Malwa plateau in
the West-Central part of Madhya Pradesh.The district is bounded by Ujjain
district in the north, Indore district in the West, West-Nimar district in the
south-west, East Nimar district in the south, Hoshangabad district in the South
East, Sehore district in the east and Shajapur district in the North-East. The
tropic of cancer passes through the district near Nemawar village south of
Khategaon town.It is only 36 km far from Indore and 39 km from Ujjain.
The district gets its name from the district headquarters town, Dewas which is
said to have been derived on the basis of two traditions. One is that Dewas lies
on the foot of a conical hill, known as Chamunda hill about 300 ft. above the
ground level on top of which the shrine of Chamunda is located. The image of the
Goddess is cut in rocky wall of a cave. It is, therefore, known as Devi Vashini
or the Goddess residence. From this the name Dewas (dev-vas) seems to have
been derived. The other view of the probable origin is from the name of the
founder of the village Dewasa Bania.
The present Dewas district broadly corresponds to the twin treaty States in Malwa
Political charge of the Central India Agency, divided into a Senior and a Junior
branch of the early twentieth century with some adjustments of other
territories. There were two district chief whips with separate administrations,
acting independently in most matters, sharing the same capital town of Dewas.
Consequent upon the merger of princely States and the formation of Madhya Bharat
State in 1948 there was reconstitution of boundaries and thus the district in
the present form was constituted.
The reconstituted district was, however,
formed by merging 242 villages of the two tehsils of Dewas of the former Senior
and Junior State, 452 villages of Sonkatch tehsil and of 99 villages of Ujjain
tehsil of former Gwalior state, 99 villages of Nimanpur tehsil of former Dhar
state, one village of Jawar tahsil of former Bhopal State, and then the existing
tehsils of Kannod and Khategaon of former Holkar State. With the reorganization
of States on linguistic basis on 1st November 1956, Madhya Bharat, with other
territories got merged to form the New state of Madhya Pradesh and thus Dewas
continues to be one of the districts in it.
The district is now divided in to 6 tahsil viz. Sonkatch, Dewas, Bagli, Kannod,
Tonk-Khurd and Khategaon.Dewas tahsil is situated on the north-western part of
the district, Sonkatch on the north-eastern part, Bagli on the south, Kannod on
the south-central part and Khategaon on the South-east. Weather road connects
all the tahsil head quarters. The Head-quarters of Dewas tahsil, which is also
the district headquarters, is situated on The Bombay-Agra National Highway No.3
and is also connected by broad-gauge railway line of western Railway.
Dewas district is Hindi speaking area, commonly the dialect or tone of the area
is called "MALWA" (MALVI). The region includes the Madhya Pradesh districts of Dewas,
Dhar, Indore, Jhabua, Mandsaur, Neemuch, Rajgarh, Ratlam, Shajapur, Ujjain, and parts
of Guna and Sehore, and the Rajasthan districts of Jhalawar and parts of Banswara and
Chittorgarh. Malwa is bounded in the north-east by the Hadoti region, in the north-west
by the Mewar region, in the west by the Vagad region and Gujarat.
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